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Rethinking voluntary carbon credit markets and the EU ETS: A critical review

  • Climate change is a global challenge, with estimated mitigation costs ranging from $1.6 to $3.8 trillion per year. As a pioneer in climate action, the European Union has the most exten-sive emissions trading system worldwide (90% of the global value of $759 billion in 2021). In this paper, we review the European Union's climate strategy, emphasizing the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) development, and the role of tropical forest carbon credits for off-setting. We argue that the European Union continues to leave a significant potential of trop-ical forests as natural carbon sinks unattended. In contrast, we reveal that the regulators can learn from the experiences made in the past and the finalization of the rulebook for Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. We present a proposal on changes to the EU ETS regulation by con-verting the European Commission's proposal to increase the linear reduction factor from 2.2% to 4.2% to the eligibility of forest carbon credits, resulting in additional funding poten-tial for forestry projects to increase necessary carbon sinks. Simultaneously, allowing flexibil-ity of investing to a limited extent in neutralization projects mitigates the risk of overstress-ing regulated companies to reach the emission reduction targets.
Author:Carsten Müller, Patrick Behr, Sebastian Bleuel, Eric Nowak
Series (Serial Number):Discussion Papers in Business and Economics (22)
Document Type:Working Paper
Date of Publication (online):2022/07/18
Date of first Publication:2022/07/18
Publishing Institution:Hochschule Fulda
Release Date:2022/07/20
Tag:Climate change; European climate strategy; Paris Agreement; forest carbon credits; offsetting
GND Keyword:EU ETS
Licence (German):License LogoEinfaches Nutzungsrecht

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